White villages, red land, and mountains washed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. In the millennial cities built by the Moors, fairs and carnivals with a corrida and flamenco, which originated in Andalusia, are constantly taking place. We will tell you about the most beautiful cities in the region with a rich historical past.
An ancient city with beautiful architecture, where Moorish style is everywhere: from the shape of windows and doors to the Giralda – the 12th-century minaret, turned into a bell tower and became a symbol of the city. The Gothic Cathedral, the largest in Europe, is adjacent to the architectural marvel of Seville Alcazar. This magnificent palace was built and rebuilt for 700 years, it is protected by UNESCO, and you may have already seen it – in the series of the Game of Thrones, all the palace scenes of Dorn were shot in Alcazar.
But Seville is famous not only for the monuments of the past – nightlife is in full swing here all year round. In the area of Santa Cruz, dozens of tapas bars and bodegas with the best Spanish wines await you. In boiling Triana, where flamenco originated, he is danced in bars, in squares, and in theaters. Bullfights in the arena in Seville take place in October, April and during local holidays.
Which lies at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, captivates with the pomp of Baroque churches, the masterpieces of Mudejar architecture and the scent of thousands of orange trees that grow on the streets of the city. Alhambra, a medieval Moorish fortress that becomes purple in the rays of the setting sun, towers over Granada. From its walls a beautiful view of the city and mountains. The Generalife, the summer palace of the sultans with many pools, fountains and a magnificent garden, is located at the foot of the fortress.
In the center of the city stands a huge cathedral, which began to be built in 1505 as a monument to the liberation from the Moors and completed the building for 200 years. A few steps away is the Royal Chapel, a Gothic masterpiece of architecture, where 8 kings of Spain are buried.
To plunge into the unique atmosphere of Granada, go through the maze, which is formed by the narrow streets of the Albaycín district around the hill. From the many “Mirador” (panoramic sites) offer fantastic views of the mountains and the Alhambra. In the caves of the gypsy quarter, Sacromonte, the flamenco is not only dancing, but it is also taught to everyone for a small fee. The city is also famous for its spa in the entourage of medieval hammams.
Founded by the ancient Romans and the former 10th century one of the intellectual centers of Europe, remembers how a thousand years ago, Christians, Jews, and Muslims lived in peace and harmony in one city. The first in the list of unique monuments of Cordoba is the Cathedral Mosque Mezquita. She is one of the twelve architectural wonders of Spain. First, on this place was an ancient Roman pagan temple, which was rebuilt into a Christian church. In the 8th century, the caliph demolished it and built a huge mosque, which after the capture of the city by the Spaniards in 1236 was consecrated and became the Cathedral.
Among the monuments of medieval architecture stand out the synagogue in the Jewish quarter and the Roman bridge, which is more than two thousand years old. The synagogue is interesting because it is one of the three Spanish synagogues preserved in its original form – with exquisite carvings, openwork arches, and a unique ornament. A hallmark of the city is the Alcazar, Fortress of the Christian Kings, rebuilt from the fortress of the Moors. She is known for the fact that from her King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella led the troops who conquered Granada from the Moors, which completed the centuries-long rule of the Moors in Spain. It was here that the Queen accepted Columbus, who asked Isabella to sponsor a sea expedition to India. The palace is also famous for its beautiful gardens, magnificent Mudejar architecture and a collection of antiquities.